Windpumps

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INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

 

 

 

The design of the Auroville Multiblade Windmill has evolved from practical experience gained in operational use over the last 33 years. The result is a reliable and efficient device, which requires minimum maintenance.

In support of these claims, it is interesting to note that the Auroville Windpump was listed and described in the European Community Joule Project JOU2 CT93 0421: "Power for the World A common concept" as an excellent example of a Renewable Energy Application. A cost comparison done by Halcrow Gilbert Associates Ltd., UK, for the Government of the Netherlands, also states that the Auroville windpump delivers the lowest cost per water unit, compared with other windpumping systems, PV pumps or diesel pumps.
 

Description

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Auroville Windpumps are horizontal axis, multi-directional metal blade windmills with rotor diameter of 5.7metres or 4.5metres. The windmills are mounted on free standing tripod towers made out of tubes available in different heights from 9 metres to 23 metres.

How the matching valve works:
The matching valve is a float valve built into the piston of the pump which replaces the disc valve of the standard piston pump.

In low wind the float valve remains open at the beginning of the upstroke, and the rotor can start turning without any load; it doesn't even have to lift the pump rods, as their weight is counterbalanced by a counterweight fixed in the rotor.

As the velocity of the pump piston increases, the valve closes as soon as the calculated critical piston velocity is exceeded and pumping starts. In very low windspeed the float valve remains permanently open; the rotor turns without lifting any water. Once the average windspeed exceeds 1.5 m/s the rotor speed is sufficient and pumping starts.

With this low cut-in windspeed the pump has a volumetric efficiency of 0.51. With a progressively increasing rotor speed the volumetric efficiency also increases until it reaches 0.9 at a windspeed of 3.5 m/s. At windspeeds above 3.5 m/s the float valve functions like an ordinary disc valve in a standard piston pump

Specification

 

Range of application:
The windmill can be used for pumping water from deep borewells - max. 100m depth with the AV55 and 70 m depth with the AV45 - as well as for low lift high volume output from shallow wells.

  AV45 AV55
Design windspeed approx. 3 m/s approx. 2.8 m/s
Design tip speed ratio 1,2 1,2
Max. rotor speed 6.3 rad/s (approx.60rpm) 5.2 rad/s (approx.50rpm)
Rotor diameter 4.5 (15ft) 5.7m (19ft)
Area of blades 7.5 m² 10.8 m²
Number of blades 18 24
Pump stroke 180 mm 160 or 230 mm
Ratio 1:1 direct drive 1:1 direct drive
Safety mechanism fully automatic (Inclined tail hinge) fully automatic (Inclined tail hinge)
Cut-in windspeed 1.8 m/s 1:5 m/s
Cut-out windspeed 10 m/s 10 m/s
Survival windspeed 40 m/s 40 m/s

Bearings:

Rotor shaft : Two sealed roller bearings
Connecting rod : top is a sealed roller bearing; bottom is a teflon bush bearing (maintenance free)
Cross head : Sleeve bearing (low maintenance)
Jaw bearing : Teflon / nylon (low maintenance)

Pumps:
Single acting piston pumps.
Cylinder bore diameters : 64mm / 82mm / 108mm / 130mm / 160mm
Cylinder materials : stainless steel
Cup washer : synthetic rubber

 

Foot valve : synthetic material
Piston valve seat : stainless steel
Pump rods : round steel rod, diameter 16mm

 

 

 

Foundations:
The tower foundations and the delivery pipe clamp anchoring have to be executed according to our layout drawings.
Tower foundation : 3x0.3m³ concrete
Delivery pipe anchor : 1x0.2m³ concrete

 

Benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

A cost-comparison of different pumping methods was published in the report "WINDPUMPS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES" by Halcrow Gilbert Associates Ltd., prepared for the Government of the Netherlands in 1993. This cost comparison shows that the Auroville Windpump delivers the lowest cost per water unit, compared with other alternative pumping systems.
 

PUMPING TECHNOLOGY WATER OUTPUT X HEAD [m³] MACRO . ECON ALCC US$cts/m³
Electric:
2 hours pumping/day 540 0.17
 
4 hours pumping/day 1080 0.11
 
8 hours pumping/day 2160 0.08
Diesel:
5 hours pumping/day 1000 0.17
Solar Pump (PV):
PV Type 150 0.79
Windpump:
Auroville Windpump
rotor dia 5.7 m:
V=3 m/sec 433 0.27
 
V=4 m/sec 1028 0.10
1st gen. Gear type
rotor dia 3m:
V=3 m/sec 116 0.75
 
V=4 m/sec 277 0.31

 

 

Range of products

 

AUROVILLE MULTI-BLADE WINDMILL MODEL
AV45
Windpump complete with rotor dia 4.5m, head, tail and turntable
AV55
Windpump complete with rotor dia 5.7m, head, tail and turntable

TRIPOT TOWER MADE OUT OF GI - TUBE

AV45 towers AV55 towers
Height m Height m
9 9
12 11
15 13
18 15
21 17
  19
  21
  23

SINGLE STROKE PISTON PUMP for maximum stroke length of 230mm

 

Bore dia mm Cylinder material For pumping head
    for AV45 for AV55
64 Stainless Steel 44-72 m 51-100 m
82 Stainless Steel 26-43 m 34-50 m
108 Stainless Steel 18-25 m 21-30 m
130 Stainless Steel 12-17 m 14-20 m
160 Stainless Steel Up to 11 m Up to 13 m

STEEL PUMP ROD
Dia 16mm, including coupling 1 length 6m              

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